The majority of 20% of the world’s coffee that is grown in Vietnam is Robusta. Robusta coffee beans production accounts for more than 90% of the total coffee production in Vietnam. It makes this country the leader in producing and exporting Robusta, contributing to 40% of worldwide Robusta production.
Compared with Arabica, the Robusta plant doesn’t require high altitude, less labor, and is less susceptible to different diseases. Robusta widely grows all around Vietnam as its plants can grow at lower altitudes (about 200-700 m) and can tolerate higher temperatures of up to 29 °C.
The altitude of growing can affect Robusta coffee beans flavor. Higher elevation makes them to develop more complex tasting notes. It is considered that Robusta beans that grow at altitudes of 1000-1500 m are high quality. Robusta plants grown at altitudes around 500 m have lower quality and used for producing instant coffee.
The Robusta plant has a smaller and rounder bean than the Arabica. Robusta beans caffeine content is twice as much as Arabica beans caffeine content. That’s why coffee made from Robusta has a darker and more intense flavor with notes of dark chocolate and nuts.
Read more about differences between Arabica and Robusta in our article.